Most Fuchsia species grow in the wild in South America on the western slopes of the Andes in the cloud forest. However, they grow as far south as the Magellan Straits and as far north as Central Mexico. Ther remainder are found in New Zealand and Tahiti. Two are found on the island of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). There may be others on the island of Cuba but it has not been possible to mount plant hunting expeditions in this area. Another dangerous area is Colombia and most of the known species, not in cultivation, are found there. One species has been found on the south east coast of South Africa in the unspoiled Knysna forest. There is obvious speculation as to whether this is indigenous or was transported by 18th or 19th century sailors from Brazil.

The following are maps showing the location of Fuchsia habitats.

New Zealand

Mexico and Carribean

Northern Andes

Central Andes

Southern Andes